U.S. Army Europe Office of the Provost Marshal officials want to remind members of the American forces community in Europe to carry their passports when traveling to countries to which they are not assigned.
A common misconception is that European borders without checkpoints can be crossed freely. However, while this may be true for residents of countries within the European Union’s Schengen zone, the agreement does not extend to U.S. or other non-EU citizens.
In some European countries federal police have the right to pull vehicles over and check passports without suspecting a person of wrongdoing, and in some nations only a national form of identification such as a passport is recognized as valid ID. A passport also establishes citizenship if its bearer needs assistance from a U.S. embassy or consulate.
A military ID or Status of Forces Agreement card is not a substitute for a passport. Penalties for being caught without a passport are fines, searches and detainment.
By U.S. Army Europe Public Affairs news release
For more information and links to an FAQ from the U.S. State Department and European Union on travel requirements and resources.